Facts about the human brain and learning

Main Parts of the Brain ImageThe three pound wrinkly mass in your head might not look like much, but it’s a powerful master control panel. One scientist called it “the most complex thing we have yet discovered in our universe.” Inside your brain are billions of microscopic cells called neurons. Neurons send electrical and chemical messages to your body.

  • Your neurons are joined by tiny pathways or roads. When you do something a lot – like ride your bike – the pathways in your brain that send messages about bike riding are strengthened. This is sort of like a walking path that you walk on every day.
  • If you don’t do something very often, the pathways become weak. Imagine an old pathway filled with grass and weeds. Practice really does make perfect because it strengthens neural pathways.Neuron Image If you’re not good at math, start practicing. Chances are, you’ll get better.
  • Your brain sends more messages everyday than all the phones in the world. Now that’s a lot of texting!
  • Messages can fly from the nerves in your body to your brain at more than 150 mph. Whew!

Major Parts of the Brain and their Functions ImageBrain Vocabulary

  1. Signal: message
  2. Wrinkly: covered in wrinkles
  3. Complex: detailed, complicated
  4. Neurons: tiny cells in your brain
  5. Hormones: chemicals

Learn More All About Your Amazing Brain

Watch this cool video all about your amazing brain:

A video about the structure of your brain and how it works.

Brain Q&A

Question: Do certain parts of the brain have different jobs?

Answer: The cerebrum is the biggest part of your brain. It controls your thoughts and your movements. The cerebellum controls your movement and balance. The hippocampus is like a giant file cabinet that stores your memories. The amygdala controls your feelings and the brain stem is in charge of automatic body movements like breathing.


Question: What does right brain and left brain mean?

Answer: The cerebrum has two halves. The right brain controls the left side of the body, while the left brain controls the right side.

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What is a fact about humans?

The tongue is the strongest muscle in the human body. When the human heart pumps, it builds up enough pressure to squirt blood 30.

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