False memory disorder

Brian Williams and the false

We tend to place too much trust our memory and firmly believe that everything happened exactly as we recall it, but false memories do exist. While the most intuitive examples are those resulting from specific psychiatric disorders, false memories can easily be created without any pathological trigger.

Memory is a faulty reconstruction of our mental experiences, susceptible to being influenced by our prior knowledge, beliefs, goals, mental state, emotions, and social context. Thus, what is retrieved from memory can be substantially different from what was initially encoded, and what was encoded can also differ from what really happened.

There are different types of human memory. Sensory memory is information acquired and retained by the senses, for example remembering what something looks like after just a glimpse. Short-term memory (or working memory) is the temporary storage and manipulation of a small amount of information which is being processed and is readily-available at any time, necessary for complex cognitive tasks such as language. Long-term memory is the storage of information over an indefinite period of time. Long-term memory can either be explicit (conscious) or implicit (unconscious). The latter, also known as procedural memory is our “know-how”; our memory of skills and how to do things. Explicit or declarative memory is our “know-what”; our memories that can be consciously recalled such as facts, knowledge or events.

Within declarative memory, we can differentiate semantic memory and episodic memory. Semantic memory is the registry of general facts, meanings, concepts and knowledge that is independent of personal experience and context. Episodic memory, on the other hand, is our recollection of experiences and autobiographical events to which we can associate a context, a time, a place, and emotions; it is a representation of reality that aggregates multiple inputs and a constructive process that is liable to error and bias. According to numerous behavioral and neuroimaging studies, it is the constructive nature of episodic memory that that lays the groundwork for the assembly of false memories.

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Q&A

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what can i debate about dealing with the subject of false memory? | Yahoo Answers

think of eyewitness of a crime and how sometimes the details from one doesn't match others. Figure out the reasons that might happen.

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