Human Brain Mapping Initiative

Obama s BRAIN (Brain Research

President Obama unveiled on Tuesday a $100 million proposal for a new project to map the human brain in hopes of finding cures for diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s and to reverse the effect of traumatic brain injuries. (JulieAnn McKellogg/The Washington Post)

President Obama on Tuesday outlined a government-sponsored initiative to map the human brain, casting the proposal as a way to discover new cures for neurological disease and strengthen the economy.

“Ideas are what power our economy, ” Obama said as he announced the proposal from the East Room of the White House. “When we invest in the best ideas before anybody else does, our businesses and our workers can make the best products and deliver the best services before anybody else.”

The project would use about $100 million in federal money over the next fiscal year to begin a long-term effort to better understand the brain. Those funds will be included in Obama’s budget proposal, scheduled for release next week, and would be combined with annual private-sector investments of roughly an equal amount.

Obama has spoken frequently during his presidency, including in his most recent State of the Union address, about using federal money in partnership with academia and business to foster projects with broader economic and social benefits. And the Brain Research Through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative represents one of Obama’s most ambitious efforts to do so.

But the federal funding he has proposed would probably represent only seed money for a project that could take more than a decade to complete, as was the case with the program to map the human genome, another collaboration between the federal government and the private sector.

Dr. Francis Collins says the $100 million initiative to understand the brain is a first step in scientific pursuit more challenging than the Human Genome Project. (The Fold/The Washington Post)

Obama cited the computer chip and the Internet as projects that began with government help, and he named Alzheimer’s disease, autism and post-traumatic stress disorder suffered by American troops among the afflictions that could be better understood, if not cured, through this initiative.

“As humans we can identify galaxies light-years away, we can study particles smaller than an atom, ” Obama said. “But we still haven’t unlocked the mystery of the three pounds of matter that sits between our ears.”

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