Facts on the Brain for Kids


The Brain

The brain is one of the most amazing parts of your body. Everyday it allows us to do activities that we control and many that we don't. Our brain can help us:

  • Read printed words
  • Regulate our breathing
  • Remember colors
  • Manage the rhythm of our heart
  • Control our body temperature
  • Remind us to blink
  • Remember how to play a game
  • Ride a bike
  • Determine what the soft fur on a dog's back feels like
  • And many, many other things

It's true! Inside your skull your brain controls everything you do!!! It is more powerful and faster than any computer. Your brain is the most important part of you, and it is very complicated.

In the book, The Great Brain Book: An Inside Look At The Inside Of Your Head, author HP Newquist says, “Understanding the brain is one of the biggest challenges facing scientists. We're just now beginning to figure out how all the pieces of the brain work, but we have a long way to go. We still don't know how it creates thoughts or how it stores pictures in your head. It's not a photo album or a CD player that just files your favorite images and songs.Skull It's a complicated organ that does billions of things every second that you're alive. That makes it the most powerfli organ on earth.”

Where Is Your Brain Located?

Your brain fills the upper part of your bony head, which is called the skull. The top part of the skull, called the cranium, is made of 8 bones. The rest of your skull includes 14 bones in the face and 3 small bones in each ear. How about that! Altogether, there are 28 bones in your skull, and your brain is tucked safely inside, protecting you from most minor bumps and blows. Learn more about the skull at this Neuroscience For Kids site.

Magnifying GlassFascinating Facts

Here are some interesting pieces of information about the brain:

  • The brain is always working, even while you sleep.
  • Your brain can go without oxygen for 3-5 minutes before injury will occur.
  • Scientists aren't sure how many brain cells you lose each day because of decay and misuse, but you don't need to worry. You have enough to last for your whole lifetime!
  • The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body, the left hemisphere controls the right side. These two hemispheres are connected by nerves through the corpus callosum.

What does your brain look and feel like?

Human Brain Tissue

Your brain is the size of a large grapefruit, but it looks like a large pinkish-gray walnut. There are many folds and creases and it feels soft and squishy. It weighs about 1 pound at birth, 2 pounds at elementary age, and 3 pounds as an adult.

Brain TissueWhat are the major areas of the brain and what do they do?

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain; the outer part is called the cerebral cortex. The cerebellum is about the size of a pear. The brain stem is located at the bottom of the brain, above the neck, where it connects the brain to the spinal cord.
Divided into 2 parts called the right and left hemispheres. Tucked under and behind the cerebrum. Divided into three parts: Medulla, Pons, and Midbrain.
Responsible for: thinking, senses, producing and understanding language, memories, eating, emotions, body temperature, drinking, sleeping, hormones. Controls muscle movement, balance, coordination. Responsible for automatic survival functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and digestion, as well as reflexes such as sneezing, swallowing, and coughing.

How does the brain connect to the rest of the body?

You can't understand what the brain does without knowing about the spinal cord. The spinal cord is an extension of the brain that runs down the middle of the back. The spinal cord is about 44 cm (19 inches) long in adults. It is protected by 33 bones called vertebrae. The brain and the spinal cord together are called the central nervous system. The central nervous system is one part of the nervous system. The rest, mostly nerves, is called the peripheral nervous system.

Brain Diagram Nerve Pins Neurologist

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