Mini Mental Status Exam Geriatric Depression Scale

Geriatric Depression Scale

OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the mental health of the European elderly and its correlations with micronutrient plasma levels, education and ability to carry out activities of daily living.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

SETTING: Eleven small towns in nine European countries.

SUBJECTS: Randomised sample of 880 subjects of both sexes born in the period 1913 to 1918, stratified according to age and sex.

INTERVENTIONS: The mental status was assessed by means of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the 15-item Geriatric Scale.

RESULTS: The overall mean MMSE score was 26.7 and this was also the mean for both sexes. MMSE scores below 23 were found in 8.5% of the men and 10.9% of the women. The overall mean score was 3.9, 3.2 for the men and 4.6 for the women. scores above the cut-off of 5 were found in 11.6% of the men and 27.5% of the women. There were many correlations between the MMSE and the scores and education, Activities of Daily Living scores, subjective health and plasma micronutrient levels, particularly the . No geographical pattern of the distribution of MMSE and scores was discernible.

CONCLUSIONS: The overall cognitive function of these elderly subjects aged 74 to 79 years was on the whole well preserved. The scores suggest that the prevalence of was high in this sample. Education and higher plasma levels of certain vitamins and appear to be associated with lower risk of developing .

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Q&A

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Which mini-mental state exam items can be used to screen for delirium and cognitive impairment?

Cognitive impairment is common in palliative care patients, but it is frequently undetected. The clinical consequence is that psychiatric states such as delirium, which often present with cognitive impairment, are inadequately treated. A short and simple questionnaire for screening of cognitive impairment is required for these patients, in order to proceed with more advanced testing if necessary. In this study, we explored the results from two samples of patients (n=290 and n=217) who had completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Cases of cognitive impairment are considered i…

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What is mini mental state exam?

Mini Mental State Exam: Test to diagnose mental status.

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