Mini Mental State Exam scores

Mini Mental State Exam Scoring

The present study examined whether the strength capability of knee extensor muscles is associated with global cognitive function, assessed by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), in non-disabled elderly men. Isometric torques during maximal voluntary knee extension, plantar flexion, and elbow flexion and MMSE scores were determined in 39 non-disabled men aged 61–79 years and used for the cross-sectional analysis examining the associations among the measured variables. Moreover, 27 of the subjects participated in a training program consisted of body mass-based exercises (sitting down onto and standing up from a chair hip joint extension and flexion, calf raises, side leg raises, and trunk flexion and extension) 6 days a week for 3 months. Isometric torques and MMSE scores were determined after the intervention. Among the data before intervention, only knee extension torque (KET) and KET relative to body mass (KET/BM) significantly correlated to the MMSE scores: r = 0.579 (P < 0.0001) for KET and r = 0.520 (P < 0.001) for KET/BM. After the intervention, KET and KET/BM increased significantly, but MMSE score did not. However, the absolute change in MMSE scores was significantly associated with that in KET (r = 0.381, P < 0.05) and KET/BM (r = 0.422, P < 0.05). These findings indicate that the strength capability of knee extensors is associated with global cognitive function in non-disabled elderly men, and provide a new perspective to a general concept that exercises strengthening knee extensor muscles should be included in resistance training programs for elderly individuals.


Isometric torque Knee extensors Plantar flexors Elbow flexors Body mass-based exercise program Global cognitive function

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