Mini Mental State template

Speech

Issue 6, pp 539-542

First online:

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Objective

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is considered a useful supplementary method to diagnose dementia and evaluate the severity of cognitive disturbance. However, the region of the cerebrum that correlates with the MMSE score is not clear. Recently, a new method was developed to analyze regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using a score imaging system (eZIS). This system shows changes of rCBF when compared with a normal database. In addition, a three-dimensional stereotaxic region of interest (ROI) template (3DSRT), fully automated ROI analysis software was developed. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between rCBF changes and total MMSE score using these new methods.

Methods

The association between total MMSE score and rCBF changes was investigated in 24 patients (mean age ± SD 71.5 ± 9.2 years; 6 men and 18 women) with memory impairment using eZIS and 3DSRT. Step-wise multiple regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis, with the total MMSE score as the dependent variable and rCBF change in 24 areas as the independent variable.

Results

Total MMSE score was significantly correlated only with the reduction of left hippocampal perfusion but not with right ( < 0.01).

Conclusions

Total MMSE score is an important indicator of left hippocampal function.

Keywords

MMSE SPECT eZIS 3DSRT

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