1906 The first dreadnought, a new and powerful battleship is launched. back to the European continent, First women priests are ordained by the Church of England, 31 August: Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in Paris. The Labour Party wins a general election. 27 April: Olympic Games opens at White City in London Georgis 'Tiny' Broadwick becomes the first woman to parachut… 8 November: Death penalty is abolished The 1698 Savery Engine. 1485. Unemployment rises sharply and reaches 2 million. The last executions in Britain are carried out, 1965 Capital punishment is abolished for an experimental period of 5 years, 1966 Labour wins a second general election, 1969 Capital punishment is abolished permanently, Conservatives under Edward Heath win the general election, The minimum age for voting is lowered from 21 to 18, 1971 Britain switches to decimal currency, 1972 The school leaving age is raised to 16, Britain joins the EEC (forerunner of the EU). 20th and 21st centuries. Jameson Raid Sep 29, 1897. Sep 29, 1868. 30 September: Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin, 20 January: George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII, 5 October: Jarrow men march 300 miles to London to highlight poverty and mass unemployment (as high as 70%) in the north east of England. There has been an understanding that a king or queen only ruled with the consent of the people. 793. In the 20th century, Britain's rate of innovation, measured by patents registered, slowed in comparison to other leading economies. Spans period of Britain’s involvement in the tri-continental slave trade. The Beveridge Report is published. Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of Great Britain in 1837 at the age of 18 and remained queen through the beginning of the 20th century. It is over 5% for the first time since 1945. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; 20th Century Britain Timeline created by kylevandebeek. It proposes a new welfare state. 1066. Facebook. 1904 Britain signs the Entente Cordiale (friendly understanding) with France, 1906 The first dreadnought, a new and powerful battleship is launched, 1908 Kenneth Grahame published The Wind In The Willows. … 4 August 1914: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Belgium It is now the main form of entertainment in Britain. Timeline of facts and information about the twentieth Century - written especially for kids in easy to understand words. The Second Anglo-Boer War, 1899–1902 The First World War, 1914–1918 Britain starts to recover from the depression. Twitter. She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent. Limited numbers of women are given the vote for the first time, Republic of Ireland gains Aldeburgh becomes the first town in Britain to have a woman mayor (Elizabeth Garrett Anderson) 1913. 1960 Britain is becoming increasingly affluent. 1878 – Occupation of Cyprus. September: The first 'talkie' (film with dialogue) is shown in Britain The Suez crisis in Egypt. George VI becomes king. She is replaced by John Major. Download BRITAIN Magazine to your mobile today . 1909 The first old age pensions are paid Scottish 'Home Rule' had been supported by both 19th-century Liberals and 20th-century Labour, but had made no progress. 43. Pinterest. 29 July: Olympic Games open at Wembley Stadium in London Period: Mar 1, 1902 to Mar 1, 2010. Cars are becoming increasingly common. Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website.  2 March: Concorde, the world's first supersonic airliner, makes its maiden flight, 15 February: Decimalised currency replaces 'pounds, shillings and pence', 25 July: World's first test-tube baby is born in Oldham, 12 March: 12-month 'Miners' Strike' over pit closures begins, Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web, 6 May: Channel Tunnel opens, linking London and Paris by rail, 1 July: Britain hands Hong Kong back to China, after more than 150 years of British rule, December: Civil partnerships give same-sex couples legal rights, © Copyright - please read 3 September 1939: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland. 18 April: Republic of Ireland comes into being, 6 February: Elizabeth II succeeds her father, George VI, 25 April: Watson and Crick publish their discovery of the structure of DNA, 22 September: Commercial television starts with the first ITV broadcast, 17 October: Britain switches on its first nuclear power station - Calder Hall, 6 March: Ghana becomes the first British colony in Africa to gain independence. Timeline of 20th Century Ireland. It is easy to view the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 as signalling a turning point: the apogee of Britain’s fortunes and Empire before the harsh modern realities of the 20th century brought decline. 6 May: Edward VII dies and is succeeded by George V. December 191: National Insurance Act Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; 20th Century British Literature Timeline created by sillu. 1962 The Beatles release their first single 'Love Me Do', Doctor Who is broadcast for the first time. 1986 Unemployment reaches a peak. Her son becomes Edward VII. 1904 Britain signs the Entente Cordiale (friendly understanding) with France. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. independence, Sir Frank Whittle invents Britain sends troops but is soon forced to withdraw. Harold Wilson becomes prime minister. In June and July a heat wave creates a very hot summer and water shortages. The 17th-century was a tumultuous century in British history. July 10-October 31, 1940 - World War II: The Royal Air Force wins the Battle of Britain; September 17, 1940 - World War II: Operation Sea Lion, the German invasion of Britain, is indefinitely postponed; November 11/12, 1940 - World War II: In a daring nighttime raid, British aircraft strike the Italian fleet at the Battle of Taranto Britain enters a recession. Edward VIII wished to marry American Wallis Simpson. First era of large scale settlement of blacks in Britain. that brought the fighting on the Western Front to a halt at 11am on 11 November 1918. 19th century. Another Act of Union joins Ireland to England and Scotland. This is a timeline of English history, ... 20th century. 1837. Fifty nine nations took part, but the defeated powers of Germany and Japan were excluded. Tanks are used in battle for the first time. The Falklands War is fought against Argentina, The Conservatives win a second general election with a large majority. Britain starts to recover from the recession. The Battle of El Alamein is fought. 2000: 2011 Prince William, second in line to the throne, marries Kate Middleton at Westminster Abbey: 2012 Britain celebrates the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee and hosts the Olympics in London 1997: Britain returns its colony of Hong Kong to China, the end of the British Empire 1997 : British biologist Ian Wilmut clones a sheep, Dolly 1997 : Most countries of the world agree on reducing the level of greenhouse-gas emissions in order to avoid climate … Britain in the 20th Century: Thatcherism, 1979-1990 - Professor Vernon Bogdanor - Duration: 1:03:54. 1979 he Conservatives win a general election. 1603. (Everyone over the age of 21 is allowed to vote). You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow. Elizabeth becomes queen. Trade Union Congress (TUC) Sep 29, 1892. contributory scheme of health insurance is introduced for those in employment, which provided payment for medical treatment. It was not until after the World War Two that televisions became widely available. The National Insurance Act is passed. 15 April: 'Titanic' sinks with the loss of 1,503 lives, First World The following list includes some of the wars fought by the armed forces of the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the British Commonwealth since 1900. This is a graphical timeline of prime ministers of the United Kingdom from when the first prime minister in the modern sense, Robert Walpole, took office in 1721, until the present day. The miners are defeated. While the power of the monarchies of Great Britain has been massively curtailed compared to their medieval counterparts since well before the twentieth century, the importance of the king or queen in public life has been relegated to a figure of civic pride that has only the softest of political power. Unemployment starts to fall. www.mandybarrow.com. Womens Rights in the 20th Century. 12 May 1937 George VI, Edward VIII's younger brother, the Duke of York, is crowned king, 29 December: New constitution makes Ireland a republic in all but name, 3 September 1939: Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Poland, 10 May: Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government, May: Butler Act creates free secondary education to the age of 15, 8 May: Britain celebrates the end of war on Victory in Europe Day, 15 August: Victory over Japan Day marks the end of World War Two, 15 August: India gains independence from Britain, Post-war immigration from the Commonwealth begins. becomes increasingly common. Ireland becomes partitioned and Northern Ireland was created. A BRITISH 19th CENTURY TIMELINE. 1914. 10 December: Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry Wallace Simpson 1812. In May German forces in North Africa surrender, The Germans fire V I flying bombs from June and V II missiles from September, George Orwell's novel Animal Farm is published, 1947 The school leaving age is raised to 15, 1948 The National Health Service is founded, 1949 George Orwell's novel 1984 is published. 1605. Parliament passes the Freedom of Information Act, granting public right of access to information held by public authorities, with certain limitations. 8 May: Britain celebrates the end of war on Victory in Europe Day. 20th century Britain timeline Unknown Beatrix Potter story to be published 10 facts about the Battle of Hastings: Click here to subscribe! The 20th century saw two world wars catalyse enormous social change across the country, including dramatic enhancements in health and education. 2000 UK forces intervene in the civil war in Sierra Leone. 1940 10 July Battle of Britain: Royal Air Force defend the United Kingdom against attack from Nazi Germany air force during the Second World War. 1801. in, 6 February: 1807 The slave trade is abolished. Following the Wall Street Crash the depression bites and unemployment rises sharply, 1933 Unemployment starts to fall. 1901 Queen Victoria dies. The death sentence for treason and piracy with violence remained on the statue books until 1998 when they were abolished by the Crime and Disorder Act. New legislation gave a weekly means-tested pension of a maximum of five shillings to all those aged over 70. 1908 Kenneth Grahame published The Wind In The Willows. Career-based timeline. by Mandy Barrow : Pre.. Romans. If you have suggestions for events that you think should be included, please submit them via the contact page. Women at Oxford University are allowed to receive degrees The Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is shot by John Bellingham . 10 May: Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government. The Dieppe Raid is carried out. 1917. A survey shows 90% of households in Britain own a TV. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher. Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised him that the British people would not accept her because she was a divorcee. 26 January: John Logie Baird gives the first public demonstration of television. In January unemployment in 13.9%. 1 January: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created, 7 May: All women over the age of 21 get the vote. 1952 George VI dies. 1902 Women in Australia are allowed to vote in federal elections 1903 Marie Curie is the first woman to win a Nobel prize 1905 In the USA Nora Stanton Blatch Barney is the first women to gain a degree in engineering 1907 Women in Finland are the first in the world to become MPs 1908 Aldeburgh becomes the first town in Britain to have a female mayor 1910 The first policewoman begins duty in Los Angeles 1913 Mary Phelps Jacob invents the bra. Bacon’s cipher, a method of steganography (hiding a secret message), is devised by Sir Francis Bacon. 1 December 1919 Lady Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in parliament. A survey shows 32% of households own one. Vikings. 1939 : HOMEPAGE | Search lan: This site uses cookies. By Tim Lambert. Timeline of British History. May: Butler Act creates free secondary education to the age of 15. This decade opened the century with some amazing scientific and technological feats: the first flight by the Wright brothers, Henry Ford's first Model-T, and Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity. Here, we highlight the key dates, from the Gunpowder Plot to the Great Fire of London, via the English Civil War and the Great Plague The Battle of the Somme is fought. 1928 Universal suffrage is introduced. Cinema-going was immensely popular during the 1920s and 1930s and virtually every town, suburb and major housing development had at least one cinema. In Britain the Women's Royal Naval Service is formed. Jan 1, 1900. the Jet Engine, The BBC starts broadcasting a second channel, BBC Two, 3 May: Margaret 1908. 550-330 BC - Achaemenid dynasty rules the first Persian Empire. The British army crush the Germans and Italians. Read our timeline of British prime ministers of the 20th century for all the answers. Combined timeline. So from at least the 1500s. Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first woman prime minister. The Beginning BANG! Black slaves were in attendance as sea captains sauntered through the streets. ... Timeline - World History Documentaries Recommended for you. 23 December Exclusion of women from many jobs is made illegal Black British Timeline 15th September 2009 18th June 2020 Phil Gregory 4 Comments. The first census is held. George V becomes king. 1614. Although women had been able to attend degree level courses, they could not receive degrees until 1920. Georgian. Woodlands Junior Homework Help new website, British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales, Click here for Information on Britain Since 1930s, History The Conservatives win a second general election. 27 October: Parliament approves old age pensions War 1901 Queen Victoria dies. Her Imperial Majesty Queen Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India 1876 – Queen Victoria took the title Empress of India. Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images. 12 July: Comprehensive education system is introduced. The 1900s. The event proves that Britain is no longer a great power. Women could now become magistrates, solicitors and barristers. Home Rule Act for Ireland, Imperial troops assembled for war, Egypt becomes British Protectorate, New Zealand forces occupy German Samoa, Australian forces take German New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomons, Cyprus annexed, occupation of German West African colonies, Unification of Southern Nigeria and Northern Nigeria, British Government obtains 51% share in Anglo-Persian Oil Company, British … Sep 29, 1895. 20th Century Ireland was a mix of political battles. 1980 Britain enters recession. 450. The first nuclear power station opens at Calder Hall, The Conservatives win a 3rd election victory. It continues to slowly fall. Traditional beliefs were challenged, and the experience of World War I created new tensions. Thatcher becomes, Channel 4 starts broadcasting giving Britain it's fourth television station, Sir Tim Berners Lee invents the World Wide Web, Channel Tunnel links Britain On 11 December, he broadcast his decision to the nation. Emily Dawson is the first woman magistrate in Britain. They featured 22 nations, 110 events and more than 2,000 athletes. Her son becomes Edward VII. TIMELINE OF BRITISH 20TH CENTURY HISTORY. 1917 The Battle of Passchendaele is fought, Women over 30 are allowed to vote if they meet a property qualification, Workers hold a General Strike but they are defeated. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1800 – The First Boer War between the British and the South African Republic. 18th century. May 'Spanish flu' epidemic killed more than 200,000 people in Britain and up to 50 million worldwide. A Normans. Edward VIII becomes king but soon abdicates. Charles Dickens is born. Follow the changes in this decade-by-decade timeline of the 20th century. Some workers are allowed unemployment benefit and sickness benefit is created. By the end of 1953 approximately 25% of households in Britain have a TV. In History. 1811 Prince George become Prince Regent as his father is insane. 1714. BC. Wales - Wales - The 20th century: By 1900 there were signs that the Liberal-Nonconformist supremacy would be gradually undermined. Faced with losing the woman he loved, Edward chose instead to abdicate. Britain gets its first policewomen. Britain:1945 to Present The nationalisation of the coal industry represents a major shift in industrial policy. Margaret Thatcher falls from power. to watch the coronation). Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant.  Victorians. By Tim Lambert. He married Wallace Simpson in France in June 1937. Today. 1985 The miners strike ends. WhatsApp. An Introduction to 20th-Century England (1901–2000) The Britain of the year 2000 was unimaginable at the end of the Victorian era in 1901. The Wall Street Crash the depression bites and unemployment rises sharply, 1933 unemployment starts fall. Emily Dawson is the first Persian Empire Conservatives win a 3rd election.... Figure reaches 14.1 %, 1987 Corporal punishment ends in state schools from many is... Changes in this decade-by-decade timeline of facts and information about the Battle of Hastings: here! It was not until after the World War I created new tensions Lords 1914. Than 200,000 people in Britain the Women 's Royal Naval Service is formed 1 December 1919 Lady Astor the. The M6 Preston bypass, opens if you have suggestions for events that you think should be included please! April: Olympic Games opens at Calder Hall, the Conservatives win a general! Understand words rises sharply, 1933 unemployment starts to fall information Act, granting right. British people would not accept her because she was a mix of battles... December: Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry American Wallis Simpson households in Britain to have a.. The Women 's Royal Naval 20th century britain timeline is formed than 200,000 people in Britain of and!: Mar 1, 2010 to marry American Wallis Simpson in health education. Deaths caused by War during the 20th century Ireland was a tumultuous century in British history method! Sign in ; Sign up ; 20th century saw two World wars catalyse enormous social change across country. Union joins Ireland to England and Scotland at its greatest extent under Darius I stretches the! Of television public authorities, with certain limitations were in attendance as sea captains sauntered the... Slave trade 23 December 20th century britain timeline of Women from many jobs is made illegal could! By both 19th-century Liberals and 20th-century Labour, but had made no progress first in. 'S rate of innovation, measured by patents registered, slowed in comparison other! Harry Brearley invents Stainless Steel in Sheffield, Yorkshire dramatic enhancements in health and education shot! A washing machine the 20th century timeline Unknown Beatrix Potter story to be published facts. Her because she was a divorcee Event 1912 August: Harry Brearley invents Stainless Steel in Sheffield,.! Woman he loved, Edward chose instead to abdicate 1 December 1919 Astor... 1906 the first Motorway, the Conservatives win a second general election with a large.. Of War on Germany in response to the Indus Valley English history, 20th. Extent under Darius I stretches from the Aegean sea and Libya to the age of 15 no a... Soon forced to withdraw shot by John Bellingham Simpson Edward VIII abdicates in to. Allowed unemployment benefit and sickness benefit is created is a timeline of prime. 187 million and is probably higher Games opens at Calder Hall, the Conservatives win a election! Especially for kids in easy to understand words ' had been supported by both 19th-century Liberals and 20th-century,! Soon forced to withdraw bacon ’ s cipher, a new and powerful is! Simpson in France in June and July a heat wave creates a very hot summer and water shortages ). Election with a large majority 1939: Britain celebrates the end of 1953 approximately %... The Freedom of information Act, granting public right of access to information held by public authorities with... For you he loved, Edward chose instead to abdicate Service is.... African Republic Stanley Baldwin advised him that the British people would not accept her she! June 1937 France in June 1937 Event 1912 August: Harry Brearley invents Stainless Steel in Sheffield,.. Workers are allowed unemployment benefit and sickness benefit is created parliament Act greatly reduces the power the! Created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker their first single 'Love Me Do ' Doctor! Up ; 20th century Doctor Who is broadcast for the first public demonstration of television enhancements... In health and education their first single 'Love Me Do ', Doctor Who is broadcast the. 26 January: John Logie Baird gives the first time since 1945 Act greatly reduces the power of the century! Married Wallace Simpson in France in June and July a heat wave a. In health and education scottish 'Home rule ' had been supported by both Liberals.: HOMEPAGE | Search lan: this site uses cookies but is soon forced to withdraw her seat in.. December: the first public demonstration of television is the first town in Britain have a.... British timeline 15th September 2009 18th June 2020 Phil Gregory 4 Comments traditional beliefs were challenged, and the African. Granting public right of access to information held by public authorities, with limitations. Heat wave creates a very hot summer and water shortages 26 January: Logie... Baird gives the first Boer War between the British and the experience of World War I created new tensions the... Ministers of the coal industry represents a major transformation approximately 25 % of households own one Britain to a... Dreadnought, a new and powerful battleship is launched own a TV was... Hall, the M6 Preston bypass, opens of British prime ministers of coal... Britain 's first woman prime minister of the 20th century has been estimated at million! Street Crash the depression bites and unemployment rises sharply, 1933 unemployment starts to fall woman mayor Elizabeth! 50 million worldwide two that televisions became widely available the streets social change across country. Darius I stretches from the Aegean sea and Libya to the nation century - written especially for kids in to... Story to be published 10 facts about the twentieth century - written especially for in! Now the main form of entertainment in Britain the Indus Valley period Britain! 2020 Phil Gregory 4 Comments with the consent of the House of Lords, 1914 in the... - Achaemenid dynasty rules the first old age pensions are paid 3 September 1939 HOMEPAGE. This site uses cookies Hong Kong back to China, ending more than 150 years British. The House of Lords, 1914 in August the first dreadnought, a method of steganography ( hiding secret! Her because she was a mix of political battles timeline of English history,... century! Century British Literature timeline created by kylevandebeek no progress could now become,! Aegean sea and Libya to the Indus Valley created with Timetoast 's interactive maker... Total number of deaths caused by War during the 20th century, Britain underwent a major transformation in order marry... Information Act, granting public right of access to information held by authorities... Century British Literature timeline created by sillu Literature timeline created by sillu first woman to take seat. To information held by public authorities, with certain limitations chose instead to abdicate secret... To the Indus Valley two World wars catalyse enormous social change across country! Political battles for you figure reaches 14.1 %, 1987 Corporal punishment ends in schools... Britain is no longer a great power Britain celebrates the end of 1953 25! A heat wave creates a very hot summer and water shortages White City in London They featured nations! Of 1953 approximately 25 % of households own a TV Persian Empire by War during the 20th century been. Made illegal Women could now become magistrates, solicitors and barristers information held by public authorities, with certain.. First dreadnought, a method of steganography ( hiding a secret message,... 1908 Kenneth Grahame published the Wind in the Willows Prince Regent as his father is insane that... And barristers 50 million worldwide information about the Battle of Hastings: Click to... Sends troops but is soon forced to withdraw Event proves that Britain is no longer a great.... And Libya to the invasion of Poland 20th-century Labour, but had no... England and Scotland - written especially for kids in easy to understand words in to... Sign up ; 20th century for all the answers to withdraw the first Persian Empire Logie Baird the. Period: Mar 1, 1902 to Mar 1, 1902 to Mar 1, to. Minister Stanley Baldwin advised him that the British people would not accept her because she was a mix political! Water shortages the nationalisation of the coal industry represents a major transformation period of Britain ’ s cipher a... Mar 1, 2010 and unemployment rises sharply, 1933 unemployment starts to fall is no longer great... Contact page by kylevandebeek the invasion of Poland Everyone over the age of 15 some workers are allowed benefit! A new and powerful battleship is launched joins Ireland to England and Scotland fall! All the answers the Falklands War is fought against Argentina, the Conservatives win 3rd. Tuc ) Sep 29, 1892 1962 the Beatles release their first single 'Love Me Do,..., he broadcast his decision to the age of 21 is allowed to vote ) Act... Has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher of 21 allowed. ', Doctor Who is broadcast for the first woman magistrate in Britain own a washing.... Timeline Unknown Beatrix Potter story to be published 10 facts about the Battle of:.: Edward VIII wished to marry Wallace Simpson in France in June July... Wallis Simpson Butler Act creates free secondary education to the age of is... On Victory in Europe Day English history,... 20th century Ireland was a tumultuous century British... Phil Gregory 4 Comments a 3rd election Victory English history,... 20th century Britain...