Photo by Denis_Canada, Vancouver Island, BC, Canada. Of the non-arborescent (trunkless) palms, Rhapidophyllum hystrix and Sabal minor have slightly better winter hardiness. Thanks. Flower color is creamy yellow, though the female flowers are bit more green. Note that this plant should be planted in sheltered sites when grown in Zone 7. They are flat with leaf segment tips held stiffly, but occasionally you will see individuals with droopy tips. Because of its small size, it is more tolerant of windy sites than normal plants. Genus name is from Greek meaning rough (trachy) and fruit (carpus) in probable reference to fruit appearance.Genus name comes from the Greek words trachys meaning rough and karpos meaning a fruit in reference to the fruit of some species.Specific epithet honors Robert Fortune (1812-1880), Scottish horticulturist. Chinese Windmill Palm, Windmill Palm ... Those with female flowers are followed by blue-black fruits (male and female flowers exist on separate plants). Photo by Denis_Canada, British Columbia, Canada. Male trees can also have spadices that have hermaphroditic flowers (having both female and male parts) and these can set viable seed. Planted as a seedling (1970) in Victoria, BC, Canada. Later blossoms of the female plants transform into bluish-black fruits that are about 1/2 inch in diameter. Flowers: Yellow (male) and greenish (female), about 2-4 mm across. It is typically grown in organically rich, moderately fertile, evenly moist but well-drained soils in the full sun to part shade. Marco Herrero's Farm, 2008 costa Rica. Of the arborescent (trunked) palms, windmill palm has the best winter hardiness. (idtools.org). Evergreen foliage is unique and attractive in winter. Photo by Geoff Stein, English Bay, Vancouver, B.C. from Grows to heights of 20-40 ft (6.1-12.2 m). Mature plants will usually survive 10 degree F. temperatures in winter (sometime colder). Garden of Troy Donovan. On female plants the flowers are followed in late summer by round or oblong blue fruits that are about 1/2 in (1.3 cm) in diameter. The fruit is dark purple-blue when ripe, round, about 1 cm diameter, with a single seed. May be grown in large containers overwintered indoors. Trachycarpus fortunei, commonly called windmill palm, is native to subtropical and temperate mountain forests of China where it typically grows to 20-40’ (sometimes to 60’) tall with a solitary trunk densely covered with hair-like fibers from old leaf sheaths. Site in protected locations that are sheltered from winter winds. Flowers and fruits: Inflorescence to 50 cm, congested and densely branched to four orders. Palm Shape. BananaJSSI 191 views. They are densely arranged on 2-3 ft (0.6-0.9 m) long branched stalks called an inflorescence. Grows in Sun to Part Sun. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Flowers and fruits: Inflorescence to 50 cm, congested and densely branched to four orders. Plants may be propagated by seed, but male and female plants are required for seed production to occur. Dubrovnik, Croatia. Harley & C.E. Lewis. Any thoughts on this? (idtools.org) A semi-dwarf cultivar group Wagnerianus has been selected in Japan; it differs in slower growth, with smaller leaves with stiffer leaflets 20-30 cm long, and a trunk just 15 cm diameter. Canada. Trachycarpus fortunei nanus aka Dwarf Hybrid Windmill Palm. In heavy rain on last day of this summer (2015-09-22) / Heidelberg. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. (floridata.com), Stems; Solitary, erect gray to brown stems, to 12 m tall, slender, to 30 cm in diameter, with matted brown fibers and remnant leaf bases. They are densely arranged on 2-3 ft (0.6-0.9 m) long branched stalks called an inflorescence. Native to Central China. Call us at 1 315 4971058. The yellow or whitish male and female flowers grow on separate plants. Photo by growin, UBC Botanical Garden, Vancouver, B.C. ex Becc. Examine the flowers of the T. fortunei that you are sexing. The fan like leaves is arranged into a symmetrical crown that is about 3 m wide. TRACHYCARPUS fortunei. Sun to partial shade; grows in many soils except wet, tolerant to drought, wind and salt. It is typically grown in organically rich, moderately fertile, evenly moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. plastic sheet) when temperatures head toward single digits. Photo by growin, Pacific & Beach, Vancouver, B.C. It has often been treated in popular literature as a separate species - Trachycarpus wagnerianus - but is botanically identical. Trachycarpus fortunei (Windmill Palm) Windmill Palm is a dioecious ( female and male flowers are growing on different plant) evergreen palm forming a small tree. Diagnostic features. Most specimens are seen around Vancouver, Victoria and Nanaimo, BC. Because it’s a diecious plant, female and male flowers grow on separate trees. Photo by RosinaBloom, Photo: botanyboy.org|Photo: botanyboy.org. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. Trachycarpus fortunei and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Canada. Width: 10 feet. Height: 30 feet. 2008. Grows fast and tolerates some drought when established. The plant doesn't care one way or the other but we do. In a protected location, this windmill palm is considered to be winter hardy to USDA Zone 7. Photo by Ryan D. Gallivan. Has fragrant Flower. In ground 2007. Photo by Denis_Canada, Vancouver Island, BC, Canada. the "Trachycarpus x fortunei" Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Site in protected locations - no winter winds. In China, fibers from the trunks of mature trees are stripped for weaving into a decorative hemp-like rope or for making brooms, mats or cloth. Incredibly easy to grow, Windmill Palm is dioecious, with separate male and female plants. In its native habitat, this tough palm is sometimes subjected to a cover of snow and ice. Genus Trachycarpus are dioecious evergreen palms with stout, solitary stems bearing rounded leaves palmately divided into linear segments, with pendulous panicles of small flowers followed on female plants by globose fruits . The inflorescences, yellow on male palms and white on female ones, appear in April in North Florida. Trachycarpus fortunei is an evergreen, palm species from the Arecaceae family. Chusan Palm in snow, 55°N latitude, Northumberland, UK. Mature plants will usually survive 10 degree F. temperatures in winter (sometime colder). This is a picture (February 2004) of the Kipling Street grove in Victoria, BC." plastic sheet) when temperatures head toward single digits. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. Does anyone know how to tell the male flowers from female ones in Trachycarpus fortunei? Family: Arecaceae. Trachycarpus fortunei is cultivated as an ornamental plant for use in gardens and parks. Chusan palm, as it is also commonly called, has light to dark green palmate leaves that are lighter, almost silvery (glaucous), on the underside. 2008 IPS Biennial. Trunks are usually covered with a loose mat of coarse gray or brown fiber. The species is dioecious, with separate male and female trees. Leaves are arranged into a symmetrical crown that is about 8-10 ft (2.5-3 m) wide. Photo by Peter Clarke, "Trachycarpus fortunei is the most common palm tree found along coastal British Columbia, Canada. see more; Family Arecaceae . Hardiness: USDA Zones 7B-10. On occasion, male windmill palms can grow a handful of hermaphroditic (male and female) flowers, which are yellow like male flowers, but are a bit larger. T. wagnerianus hort. Kyle Wicomb's palms at McCarty Hall, the University of Florida in Gainesville, FL. Chamaerops fortunei Hook. Chamaerops fortunei Hook., T. wagnerianus Becc.) The trunk is 15 - 30 cm diameter, often with a slightly wider base, and usually remains covered in dense fibre from the leaf bases; rarely this is shed on very old specimens leaving the trunks smooth. "That palm on the left is a Bottle Palm, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis." Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Plant crown may need protection (e.g. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. This palm is commonly single stemmed and its trunk is dark … Trachycarpus fortunei is notable as the hardiest large trunk-forming palm known, with established specimens tolerating winter temperatures below -20°C, and also tolerant of cool summer temperatures in oceanic climates such as Scotland and even the Faroe Islands at 62°N latitude, making it the northernmost palm outdoors anywhere in the world. Uhl, C.B. Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants (so this palm is said to be dioecious), but occasionally it occurs that a male plant of Trachycarpus fortunei besides the usual spadices produces also a few other spadices which carry really hermaphroditic flowers. 2015. Mulch around the base of the plant in winter. This page has been accessed 59,596 times. In cultivation in cold winter areas of USDA Zones 6-7, windmill palm will typically grow at most to 8-10’ tall. Leaves: Palmate, induplicate, with a nearly circular blade to 1 m across, divided almost to the base by lanceolate segments with sometimes stiff, sometimes drooping tips, bifid to 1 cm; with a petiole longer than the blade and its margin toothed, with obscure bumps or unarmed; the adaxial hastula is raised and triangular to circular. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The fruits are 1-1.5 cm, kidney-shaped and purplish-black covered with a waxy blue bloom when ripe. Commonly known by the names Windmill Palm and Chinese Windmill Palm, amongst others. ... Trachycarpus Fortunei Uses. Canada. Photo by Denis_Canada, Photo taken 2004. http://idtools.org/id/palms/palmid/factsheet.php?name=Trachycarpus+fortunei, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Trachycarpus_fortunei&oldid=170967, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). The windmill palm's bright yellow inflorescence erupts from a packetlike bud in late winter and early spring and is held within the crown. This palm is dioecious, meaning trees either carry female or male flowers. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Attractive yellowish flowers in drooping panicles (to 2’ long) bloom in summer. Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year. The difference between the flowers is clear, so distinguishing the two is a simple process. Native to northern Myanmar (Burma) and … Photo by Denis_Canada, Lantzville, BC, Canada. The male flowers are yellow whereas female flowers have a greenish color. The upper leaf surface is dark green; the undersurface, silvery green. Male & Female Windmill Palms with flowers - Duration: 1:01. Photo by Troy Donovan. The fruits get ripe in the mid-fall. With another palm (Chamaedorea tepejilote) only the male inflorescence is eaten. Blossoms are held on 3ft long branched stalks. The plant is not self-fertile. I am trying to do articial pollination as an experiment but got no idea what is what and how do handle it. From the top of the trunk, large palmate fan-shaped dark green leaves (to 3’ wide) push outward in all directions on 2-3’ long petioles in a form purportedly resembling a windmill. Please contact West Coast Trees for information and availability on Trachycarpus fortunei. In a protected location, this windmill palm is considered to be winter hardy to USDA Zone 7. 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