The bougainvillea--also known as the "paper flower plant"--is a flowering perennial plant. Bougainvillea is a delightful, tropical flowering plant with vine-like branches that are easy to train to climb trellises. They are slender ivory tubes with multiple showy bracts. But cold is another story. A professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler has written about home and garden for Gardening Know How, San Francisco Chronicle, Gardening Guide and Go Banking Rates. The plant is native to South America and is named for a French explorer. The white flowers are larger than those of the spectabilis species, and the bracts are pointed and shaped like triangles. Bougainvillea is a tough plant, and that's not just in reference to its formidable thorns. Getty Images Botanical name: Nyctaginaceae. Any later than that and your bougainvillea may not have a chance to grow to maturity. The third cultivated bougainvillea species is Bougainvillea peruviana, noted for its green bark and yellow true flowers. How to Grow Bougainvillea. But this colorful climbing shrub has lots of surprising (and even amazing) characteristics. It cascades nicely down the sides of containers too. However, you really should wait until May if you don't want to take any chances. Although many gardeners grow bougainvillea directly in the soil, some also grow smaller bougainvillea in containers or hanging baskets. Barbara Karst Bougainvillea is an evergreen and has a fast growth rate, so you will not be waiting too long for the burst of color to take over. She earned a BA from U.C. It flourishes with minimal water and high temperatures. Bougainvilleas should produce two or three beautiful displays of flowers in spring, summer and fall. In areas below those zones, a bougainvillea in winter should be kept in containers and moved indoors. The first bougainvillea to be identified (in 1798) was given the botanical name Bougainvillea spectabilis. Heavy soil or any soil that holds water won't do. You may be interested in our other planting guides for Nashville. The average date of last frost is April 15 in Nashville. Bougainvillea is a tropical plant and is best when the night temps are at least 65 and up and the days up into the 90's. Bougainvillea also trains well and accepts pruning happily. It's usually porous, allowing water to drain rapidly. Bougainvillea has been successfully grown outside in very sheltered areas in the UK . b. la buganvilia (f) means that a noun is feminine. In 1986, Aguado & Sons Nursery opened its doors, offering one of the largest varieties of bougainvillea plants in the United States, and in 1989, developed Exotic Birds Farm, Inc. The last month that you can plant bougainvillea and expect a good harvest is probably August. Gardeners know that tracking a cultivated plant's history can help you determine its ideal growing conditions, because, in nature, plants grow where they can thrive, rather than in a spot chosen by a gardener. Each of the three species has slightly different features and degrees of hardiness. The bracts are the real showstoppers and come in shades of red, purple, magenta, hot pink, light pink, orange, apricot and white. Santa Cruz, a law degree from U.C. All species of bougainvillea are thorny shrubs in the Nyctaginaceae, the (four o'clock) family of plants. Bougainvillea 'Rosenka' (left photo Kell) Bougainvillea 'Silhouette' (center photo brical1) Bougainvillea 'Thai Delight' (photo Kell) Bougainvillea 'Torch Glo' is a miniature species, reluctant to vine, in which the carpals and flowers form in clusters along the branches (right photo KactusKathi) Typically, you will see the best display of blooms followi… Bougainvillea must have well-drained soil, and it prefers acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.0. Bougainvillea is a tough plant, and that's not just in reference to its formidable thorns. Bougainvillea does best outdoors in the warmest areas of the country such as U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. Make sure drainage is excellent..keep in full sun all day long for best bloom. A large, dense shrub with hairy leaves and stems, it's also noted for its distinctive curved thorns. This plant also loves the heat. For example, you'll see these heat-loving shrubs in many Mexican cities. The colorful parts are actually modified leaves called bracts. Native to the tropical and sub-tropical regions of Central and South America but now cultivated in warm climes the world over. Bougainvillea California Gold-Blooms Gold-Yellow with Green Foliage-Tropical 9+. It's also a survivor plant, known to tolerate drought, salt and winds. In the U.S., they thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and above, but they also can be grown in protected areas of hardiness zone 9. Bougainvillea thorns help them climb The key to training and pruning them is to understand their growth habit. See map below.) The tiny flowers appear up and down the branches almost year-round. Bougainvillea Plants for Sale - Large Selection of Vibrant Colors - Satisfaction Guaranteed - FREE Shipping - Buy NOW - The best flowers start here! From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. The true flowers are small and white. With its almost year-round color from its beautiful bracts, bougainvillea is favored by gardeners as one of the best creeping plants or climbing plants in a landscape. The versatility of this plant may surprise you. 8 of 10 'White Madonna' (Bougainvillea ‘White Madonna’) Plant this beauty and let her vines climb high with moderate water and full sun. A beautiful mix of bougainvillea vines. Any later than that and your bougainvillea may not have a chance to grow to maturity. However, if your heart is set on bougainvillea, you can grow it in many areas as an annual, planting it in spring for one season only. Half of the time in Nashville we get surprised by a frost after April 15 so make sure that you are ready to cover your bougainvillea if we have one of those late frosts. Stay away from a medium with high peat content since it retains water and may rot the plant. Bougainvillea are woody flowering shrubs that grow to 20 or 30 feet or more. Bougainvilleas are programmed to climb; that’s why they produce such thick stems with large thorns that are designed to hook into things as they reach towards the light. The shrub's branching habit is looser and more open. University of Florida IFAS: Bougainvillea, Clemson Cooperative Extention: Bougainvillea, North Carolina State Extension: Bougainvillea. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. These vines typically lose some leaves for a short time during the winter, but when light conditions are low, leaf loss may occur at any time. But those same qualities make it useful as a ground cover in difficult-to-maintain parts of a property. On most years you should be prepared to experience lows near 5°F. Bougainvillea are popular ornamental plants in most areas with warm climates, such as Florida and South Carolina, and across the Mediterranean Basin. Bougainvillea grew all over the trellis covering the patio. Of the many species of bougainvillea in nature, only three have been widely cultivated. Bougainvillea needs sun & heat to thrive & be a blooming machine. If you live in the right climate, few climbing plants are easier to grow than bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.). Many species are thorny. Bougainvillea needs at least 6 hours of full sun a day to flower profusely and look its best. If taken care of during the cold winters they should do fine. Don't worry too much about the heat, since this shrub thrives in hot dry locations even in temperatures over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Not enough sun = not enough color. 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