Since independence, a veritable blossoming has taken place in painting and sculpture, popular music, amateur theatre, and filmmaking. Two main factors gave Morocco a pulse toward witnessing the birth of a modern literature. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. King Mohammed VI promised on Monday a "new step" to reduce Morocco's "glaring disparities" by announcing in particular a government reshuffle "on the horizon of … Mohammed VI has kept a relatively low profile while in his country. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema King Hassan Ii Of Morocco sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in Morocco after the phosphate industry. The Iberomaurusian was succeeded by the Beaker culture in Morocco. [92], As of 24 May 2020, hundreds of Moroccan migrant workers are trapped in Spain. In 2001, the first International Film Festival of Marrakech (FIFM) was also held in Marrakech. In general, apart from the southeast regions (pre-Saharan and desert areas), Morocco's climate and geography are very similar to the Iberian peninsula. After Morocco supported the Algerian independence movement of Emir Abd al-Qadir, it was attacked and defeated by the French in 1844 at the Battle of Isly and made to abandon its support. They range from private companies in the largest city, Casablanca, the capital, Rabat, An extension of the line to Marrakesh is already being planned. Forested areas cover about 12% of the country while arable land accounts for 18%. This article incorporates text from a free content work. Bakeries are very common throughout Morocco and fresh bread is a staple in every city, town and village. Remaining challenges include a low level of wastewater treatment (only 13% of collected wastewater is being treated), lack of house connections in the poorest urban neighbourhoods, and limited sustainability of rural systems (20 percent of rural systems are estimated not to function). Skip to main content.com.au. Lamb is also consumed, but as Northwest African sheep breeds store most of their fat in their tails, Moroccan lamb does not have the pungent flavour that Western lamb and mutton have. Morocco was the first country in the world to recognise US sovereignty (in 1777). In 2011, the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and New Technologies created a Moroccan Club of Innovation, in partnership with the Moroccan Office of Industrial and Commercial Property. Morocco is a country with a rich culture and civilisation. Emperor Claudius annexed Mauretania directly as a Roman province in 44 AD, under an imperial governor (either a procurator Augusti, or a legatus Augusti pro praetore). Mohammed VI paid a controversial visit to the Western Sahara in 2002. [14] The Portuguese Empire began in Morocco in the 15th century, following Portuguese conquests along the Moroccan coast, founding settlements which lasted into the 17th and 18th centuries. The southeastern regions, basically the driest areas, receive between 100 mm and 200 mm only, and consist basically of arid and desert lands. He belongs to the Alaouite dynasty and ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II. [citation needed] However, in the years since that first-place ranking was given, Morocco has slipped into fourth place behind Egypt. Licensed under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. The Atlas Mountains are located mainly in the centre and the south of the country. However, the Festival's musicians did not play the Moroccan national anthem, as no one in attendance knew what it was. A statement by the Royal Palace said today, Tuesday, that Morocco's King Mohammed VI has instructed to adopt free vaccination against … Due to Morocco's proximity to the Sahara desert and the North Sea of the Atlantic Ocean, two phenomena occur to influence the regional seasonal temperatures, either by raising temperatures by 7–8 degrees Celsius when sirocco blows from the east creating heatwaves, or by lowering temperatures by 7–8 degrees Celsius when cold damp air blows from the northwest, creating a coldwave or cold spell. It is situated in the Tangiers free economic zone and serves as a logistics hub for Africa and the world. Majority of Mohammed’s money comes from being a king. Their presence in the city helped to boost the city's profile as a tourist destination. [157][158] This "Islamic architecture" of Morocco was part of a wider cultural and artistic complex, often referred to as "Moorish" art, which characterized Morocco, al-Andalus (Muslim Spain and Portugal), and parts of Algeria and even Tunisia. In 1971, there was a failed attempt to depose the king and establish a republic. Morocco was originally scheduled to host the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations,[176] but refused to host the tournament on the scheduled dates because of fears over the ebola outbreak on the continent. 7,119 Kings Of Morocco stock pictures and images Browse 7,119 kings of morocco stock photos and images available, or search for king of morocco or king hassan ii of morocco to find more great stock photos and pictures. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. This is the list of rulers of Morocco, since the establishment of the first Moroccan state in … Chaabi was originally performed in markets, but is now found at any celebration or meeting. Morocco held its first general elections in 1963. Horoscope. “Change in continuity” is one of the political maxims advocated by Mohammed VI, which generated much hope for reform.… Aita is a Bedouin musical style sung in the countryside. In the 15th century, the Reconquista ended Muslim rule in Iberia and many Muslims and Jews fled to Morocco.[37]. [1], It is estimated that between 41%[124] to 80% of residents have Berber ancestral origins. In 2012, Moroccan inventors applied for 197 patents, up from 152 two years earlier. The king’s decree to sack government ministers comes a few months after Morocco underwent a political crisis, which hindered the ability of former Prime … Morocco has an excellent road and rail infrastructure that links the major cities and tourist destinations with ports and cities with international airports. The sovereign state is a unitary Semi-constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. Chaabi ("popular") is a music consisting of numerous varieties which are descended from the multifarious forms of Moroccan folk music. Orature (oral literature) is an integral part of Moroccan culture, be it in Moroccan Arabic or Berber. It probably evolved under the Moors in Cordoba, and the Persian-born musician Ziryab is usually credited with its invention. [citation needed], Education in Morocco is free and compulsory through primary school. Funeral of King Mohammed V, Sidi Mohammed Ben Youssef, of Morocco. Part of the maritime population fishes for its livelihood. First king of Morocco in 1957. [108], In 2008, about 56% of Morocco's electricity supply was provided by coal. During the crisis of the 3rd century, parts of Mauretania were reconquered by Berber tribes. He founded a great library, which was eventually carried to the Casbah and turned into a public library. For other uses, see, Dark green: Undisputed territory of Morocco, French and Spanish protectorates: 1912 to 1956, Rodd, Francis. Approximately 5% of Moroccan land is irrigated for agricultural use. [143][144] The country's distinctive group of Moroccan Arabic dialects is referred to as Darija. King of Morocco; Coat of arms of Morocco. [85] There are also persistent allegations of violence against both Sahrawi pro-independence and pro-Polisario demonstrators[86] in Western Sahara; a disputed territory which is occupied by and considered by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. The Moroccan King Mohammed VI (55) usually never responds to rumors about his marriage to Lalla Salma. Part of the territory, the Free Zone, is a mostly uninhabited area that the Polisario Front controls as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. LS coffin being borne from the Royal Palace. Morocco's relationships vary greatly between African, Arab, and Western states. The Rif mountains stretch over the region bordering the Mediterranean from the north-west to the north-east. Trade of animals and plants for food, pets, medicinal purposes, souvenirs and photo props is common across Morocco, despite laws making much of it illegal. [137], Morocco's official languages are Arabic and Berber. [118][120], On 20 May 2015, less than a year after its inception, the Higher Council for Education, Training and Scientific Research presented a report to the king offering a Vision for Education in Morocco 2015–2030. [118][119], As of 2015, Morocco had three technoparks. [134] Despite Moroccans being affiliated with Islam, almost 15% nonetheless describe themselves as non-religious according to a 2019 survey conducted for the BBC by the research network Arab Barometer. At higher elevations, the climate becomes alpine in character, and can sustain ski resorts. Chicken is the most widely eaten meat in Morocco. nuqudy.com (2012-02-09)", "Morocco sets the goal of attracting 20 million tourists by 2020", "Yves Saint Laurent's Ashes Scattered In Marrakesh", http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0859768.html, http://taxsummaries.pwc.com/uk/taxsummaries/wwts.nsf/ID/Morocco-Corporate-Tax-credits-and-incentives, "Tanger Med Port Authority – Containers Activity", "Morocco – electricity production from coal sources", "Natural Gas to Fuel Morocco. Try. Spanish troops had taken the normally uninhabited island after Moroccan soldiers landed on it and set up tents and a flag. Prior to independence, Morocco was home to half a million Europeans; who were mostly Christians. Although the independence of Morocco was guaranteed at the Treaty of Madrid (1880), the French gained ever greater influence. For the former ruling dynasty of Egypt and Sudan, see, European contact and the French protectorate, Conflicts between the Regency of Algiers and the Cherifian Dynasties, Line of succession to the Moroccan throne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alaouite_dynasty&oldid=992792392, States and territories established in 1666, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Empire" as a description of foreign policy, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 03:21. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Direct Roman rule became confined to a few coastal cities, such as Septum (Ceuta) in Mauretania Tingitana and Cherchell in Mauretania Caesariensis, by the late 3rd century. In 1983, Hassan cancelled planned elections amid political unrest and economic crisis. On 20 December 1777, Morocco's Sultan Mohammed III declared that American merchant ships would be under the protection of the sultanate and could thus enjoy safe passage. [136] Some local Christian leaders estimate that there may be as many as 8,000 Christian citizens throughout the country, but many reportedly do not meet regularly due to fear of government surveillance and social persecution. The King is formally the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He convinced the Awraba Berber tribes to break their allegiance to the distant Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad and he founded the Idrisid dynasty in 788. According to Ethnologue, as of 2016, there are 1,536,590 individuals (or approximately 4.5% of the population) in Morocco who speak Spanish. Between that time and 1944, many foreign movies were shot in the country, especially in the Ouarzazate area. He was the first Spanish leader in 25 years to make an official visit to the territories. On the Atlantic coast, where there are extensive plains, olives, citrus fruits, and wine grapes are grown, largely with water supplied by artesian wells. Algerian authorities have estimated the number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria to be 165,000. A big part of the daily meal is bread. [citation needed] The Moroccan-Dutch Badr Hari, heavyweight kickboxer and martial artist, is a former K-1 heavyweight champion and K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 and 2009 finalist. Morocco produces enough food for domestic consumption except for grains, sugar, coffee and tea. [117], The Moroccan Innovation Strategy was launched at the country's first National Innovation Summit in June 2009 by the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Investment and the Digital Economy. Agadir, Essaouira, El Jadida, and Larache are among the important fishing harbors. After this point, local Mauro-Roman kings assumed control (see Mauro-Roman kingdom). Morocco also produces a significant amount of illicit hashish, much of which is shipped to Western Europe. Saïd Aouita won the 5000 metres at the same games. The reign of Ahmad al-Mansur brought new wealth and prestige to the Sultanate, and a large expedition to West Africa inflicted a crushing defeat on the Songhay Empire in 1591. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. Participants accused the government of failing to deliver on reforms. [177] Morocco made five attempts to host the FIFA World Cup but lost five times to United States, France, Germany, South Africa and Canada/Mexico/United States. [118], The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research is supporting research in advanced technologies and the development of innovative cities in Fez, Rabat and Marrakesh. In its current incarnation, the event is held in Tetouan. According to the Global Competitiveness Report of 2019, Morocco Ranked 32nd in the world in terms of Roads, 16th in Sea, 45th in Air and 64th in Railways. Thus Morocco has the following climate zones: South of Agadir and east of Jerada near the Algerian borders, arid and desert climate starts to prevail. [46] Spain continued to operate its coastal protectorate. [2] The predominantly Roman Catholic and Protestant foreign-resident Christian community consists of approximately 40,000 practising members. The prolonged war was a considerable financial drain on Morocco. Since the first technopark was established in Rabat in 2005, a second has been set up in Casablanca, followed, in 2015, by a third in Tangers. Find professional Kings Of Morocco videos and stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and corporate uses. Under the Saadi dynasty, the country ended the Aviz dynasty of Portugal at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir in 1578. Morocco held its first general elections in 1963. 2016/02/25 - このピンは、aicha rochdiさんが見つけました。あなたも Pinterest で自分だけのピンを見つけて保存しましょう! [44] In 1860, a dispute over Spain's Ceuta enclave led Spain to declare war. [101], As of 2006[update], activity and adventure tourism in the Atlas and Rif Mountains are the fastest growth area in Moroccan tourism. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema King Hassan Ii Of Morocco in höchster Qualität. It is well developed with a strong tourist industry focused on the country's coast, culture, and history. The name Alaouites stems from Ali son of Abu Taalib [1][2]. Islamic literature, such as Quranic exegeses and other religious works such as Qadi Ayyad's Al-Shifa were influential. In 2006, the Spanish Premier Zapatero visited Spanish enclaves. Morocco, as a French and Spanish protectorate left Moroccan intellectuals the opportunity to exchange and to produce literary works freely enjoying the contact of other Arabic literature and Europe. Morocco later became a realm of the Northwest African civilisation of ancient Carthage as part of its empire. [146] In 2008, Frédéric Deroche estimated that there were 12 million Berber speakers, making up about 40% of the population. For a 'The Western Kingdom'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, romanized: tageldit n lmaɣrib), is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. In recent years, the Moroccan King and senior Moroccan officials have taken a clear stance against antisemitism and stressed the need to teach the values of tolerance and coexistence as lessons of the Holocaust. Some bought up large amounts of the rich agricultural land, others organised the exploitation and modernisation of mines and harbours. Morocco is home to Andalusian classical music that is found throughout Northwest Africa. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. [129] Morocco's once prominent Jewish minority has decreased significantly since its peak of 265,000 in 1948, declining to around 2,500 today. [87], Homosexual acts as well as pre-marital sex are illegal in Morocco, and can be punishable by six months to three years of imprisonment. Under Abderrahmane (1822–1859) Morocco fell under the influence of the European powers. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. [165] They are typically made of rammed earth and decorated with local geometric motifs. However, managing the territories across the Sahara proved too difficult. Prime. Modern Moroccan literature began in the 1930s. The newest king of Morocco, direct descendent of Muhammad, is a homosexual. Chicken is also very commonly used in Tagines, knowing that one of the most famous tagine is the Tagine of Chicken, potatoes and olives. [98] Morocco's relatively high number of tourists has been aided by its location—Morocco is close to Europe and attracts visitors to its beaches. In 1549, the region fell to successive Arab dynasties claiming descent from the Islamic prophet, Muhammad: first the Saadi dynasty who ruled from 1549 to 1659, and then the Alaouite dynasty, who remain in power since the 17th century. The Majorelle botanical garden in Marrakech is a popular tourist attraction. Most regions have distinct seasons where summer is usually not spoiled by rain and winter turns wet, snowy and humid with mild, cool to cold temperatures, while spring and fall see warm to mild weather characterised by flowers blooming in spring and falling leaves in autumn. Morocco deported hundreds of the illegal migrants. As Europe industrialised, Northwest Africa was increasingly prized for its potential for colonisation. The Moroccan King Mohammed VI (55) usually never responds to rumors about his marriage to Lalla Salma. Moroccan and Algerian troops soon clashed in Western Sahara. Studios were also opened in Rabat. [183] Morocco has also some of prestigious postgraduate schools, including: l'Institut National des Postes et Télécommunication (INPT), École Nationale Supérieure d'Électricité et de Mecanique (ENSEM), EMI, ISCAE, INSEA, National School of Mineral Industry, École Hassania des Travaux Publics, Les Écoles nationales de commerce et de gestion, École supérieure de technologie de Casablanca. Most Europeans visit between April and August. … Of these foreign-born residents, most were of French origin, followed by individuals mainly from various nations in West Africa and Algeria. [191] In 2017, Morocco ranked 16th out of 29 countries on the Global Youth Wellbeing Index. Beef is the most commonly eaten red meat in Morocco, usually eaten in a Tagine with vegetables or legumes. [172] Six years later, Mohammed Ousfour would create the first Moroccan movie, Le fils maudit ("The Damned Son"). The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. In 1904, France and Spain carved out zones of influence in Morocco. In recent years, the Moroccan King and senior Moroccan officials have taken a clear stance against antisemitism and stressed the need to teach the values of tolerance and coexistence as lessons of the Holocaust. Morocco is a developing country that has made many strides to improve these categories. While focusing on linking the southern provinces, notably the cities of Laayoune and Dakhla to the rest of Morocco. Particularly under the Almoravid and Almohad empires, Moroccan literature was closely related to the literature of al-Andalus, and shared important poetic and literary forms such as zajal, the muwashshah, and the maqama. The direct exposure to the North Atlantic Ocean, the proximity to mainland Europe and the long stretched Rif and Atlas mountains are the factors of the rather European-like climate in the northern half of the country. The lower chamber of Parliament may dissolve the government through a vote of no confidence. Rock-influenced chaabi bands are widespread, as is trance music with historical origins in Islamic music. Pork consumption is forbidden in accordance with Sharia, religious laws of Islam. Widespread disturbances in 2011, a Moroccan element of the Arab Spring, protested against corruption and urged the need for political reform. Interest groups that formed among these elements continually pressured France to increase its control over Morocco – a control which was also made necessary by the continuous wars among Moroccan tribes, part of which had taken sides with the French since the beginning of the conquest. [113] In 2004, according to the UN World Drugs Report, cultivation and transformation of Cannabis represents 0.57% of the national GDP of Morocco in 2002. There are also a number of flat breads and pulled unleavened pan-fried breads. [126], According to the 2014 Morocco population census, there were around 84,000 immigrants in the country. [20] The origin of the name Marrakesh is disputed,[21] but is most likely from the Berber words amur (n) akush (ⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⴰⴽⵓⵛ) or "Land of God". Government reforms and steady yearly growth in the region of 4–5% from 2000 to 2007, including 4.9% year-on-year growth in 2003–2007 helped the Moroccan economy to become much more robust compared to a few years earlier. Morocco Under King Hassan by Stephen Hughes. Dec 07, 2020 . The first monarch to take the title of King in Morocco was Mohammed V at independence of the country. [112], Since the 7th century, Cannabis has been cultivated in the Rif Region. [135], Christians are estimated at 1% (~380,000) of the Moroccan population. Morocco's weather is one of the most pristine in terms of the four-season experience. However, health expenditure per capita (PPP) has steadily increased since 2000. In the valleys, fertile soils and high precipitation allow for the growth of thick and lush forests. That is now changing: in the French-language weekly Gala, the Moroccan monarch lets his cards look for the first time. Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan completed primary and secondary schooling at the Royal Palace College before entering the Mohammed V University in Rabat; there he received a bachelor’s degree in law in 1985 and, three years later, a master’s degree in public law. [178] Like many other Maghreb nations, Moroccan rugby tended to look to Europe for inspiration, rather than to the rest of Africa. [75], Morocco was the only African state not to be a member of the African Union due to its unilateral withdrawal on 12 November 1984 over the admission of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic in 1982 by the African Union (then called Organisation of African Unity) as a full member without the organisation of a referendum of self-determination in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Infant mortality has improved significantly since 1960 when there were 144 deaths per 1,000 live births, in 2000, 42 per 1,000 live births, and now it is 20 per 1,000 live births. The most notable violence occurred in Oujda where Moroccans attacked French and other European residents in the streets. Located close to the world-famous Eiffel Tower, the property boasts 12 bedrooms, a swimming pool, a games room, a private garden and private parking. It is bordered by Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with three small Spanish-controlled exclaves, Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera), Algeria to the east, and Western Sahara to the south. The name also can refer to evening. The services sector accounts for just over half of GDP and industry, made up of mining, construction and manufacturing, is an additional quarter. [186] The country's under-five mortality rate dropped by 60% between 1990 and 2011. The latest parliamentary elections were held on November 25, 2011. The issue of lack of water connections for some of the urban poor is being addressed as part of the National Human Development Initiative, under which residents of informal settlements have received land titles and have fees waived that are normally paid to utilities in order to connect to the water and sewer network. Translation: "His Majesty, King Mohammed VI, with the help of God, successfully underwent an operation on Monday, 26 February 2018.His Majesty the king … To the north, Morocco is bordered by the Strait of Gibraltar, where international shipping has unimpeded transit passage between the Atlantic and Mediterranean. According to data from the World Bank,[186] the present mortality rate is still very high, over seven times higher than in neighboring country Spain. [128] Also prior to independence, Morocco was home to 250,000 Spaniards. Before that date, Moroccan monarchs used to be called Sultans. Moroccan music is of Arabic, Berber and sub-Saharan origins. German attempts to counter this growing influence led to the First Moroccan Crisis of 1905–1906 and the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911. A dispute with Spain in 2002 over the small island of Perejil revived the issue of the sovereignty of Melilla and Ceuta. It is served to guests, and it is impolite to refuse it. In 2002, Morocco and Spain agreed to a US-brokered resolution over the disputed island of Perejil. The third generation is that of writers of the sixties. Morocco has a coast by the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. The area from Casablanca to Essaouira, on the Atlantic coast, receives between 300 mm and 500 mm. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, which started in the middle of the 7th century, was achieved by the Umayyad Caliphate early into the following century. Morocco was the first nation to recognise the fledgling United States as an independent nation in 1777. [127] There are also a number of foreign residents of Spanish origin. Several divisions of Moroccan soldiers (Goumiers or regular troops and officers) served in the French army in both World War I and World War II, and in the Spanish Nationalist Army in the Spanish Civil War and after (Regulares). RELATED ARTICLES. The northwestern parts of the country receive between 500 mm and 1200 mm, while the northeastern parts receive between 350 and 600 mm. In 2010, there were 10,366,000 French-speakers in Morocco, or about 32% of the population. At the same time the Rif area of northern Morocco was raised under Spanish control. During the phone call which the Amir received from the King … One example is the Moroccan Phosphate Office (Office chérifien des phosphates), which has invested in a project to develop a smart city, King Mohammed VI Green City, around Mohammed VI University located between Casablanca and Marrakesh, at a cost of DH 4.7 billion (circa US$479 million). The Alaouite dynasty, or Alawite dynasty (Arabic: سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين‎, Sulālat al-ʿAlawiyyīn al-Fīlālīyn), is the current Moroccan royal family. North Central Morocco receives between 700 mm and up to 3500 mm. Muḥammad VI, king of Morocco (1999– ). [18], The full Arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyyah (المملكة المغربية) translates to "Kingdom of the West"; although "the West" in Arabic is الغرب Al-Gharb. [185] The first reform was a mandatory health insurance plan for public and private sector employees to expand coverage from 16 percent of the population to 30 percent. The Eastern Roman Empire under Byzantine control re-established direct imperial rule of Septum and Tingi in the 530s. Hicham El Guerrouj won gold medals for Morocco at the 2004 Summer Olympics in the 1500 metres and 5000 metres and holds several world records in the mile run. Art and music festivals take place throughout the country during the summer months, among them the World Sacred Music Festival at Fès. However, the unity of Morocco did not survive his death—in the ensuing power struggles the tribes became a political and military force once again. In the 13th and 14th centuries the Merinids held power in Morocco and strove to replicate the successes of the Almohads through military campaigns in Algeria and Spain. Mohammed VI (Arabic: محمد السادس‎; Berber languages: ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ ⵎⵓⵃⴰⵎⵎⴷ ⵙⴷⵉⵙ agllid muhammd sdis; born 21 August 1963) is the King of Morocco. Mohammed Benjelloun Touimi, Abdelkbir Khatibi and Mohamed Kably, Bath, Richard (ed.) The Moroccan government has launched a project to build a solar thermal energy power plant[111] and is also looking into the use of natural gas as a potential source of revenue for Morocco's government. In the Rif, Middle and High Atlas Mountains, there exist several different types of climates: Mediterranean along the coastal lowlands, giving way to a humid temperate climate at higher elevations with sufficient moisture to allow for the growth of different species of oaks, moss carpets, junipers, and Atlantic fir which is a royal conifer tree endemic to Morocco. The King of Morocco has reportedly forked out $94m (£72m) for a mansion house in the French capital, Paris, bought directly from its previous owners, the Saudi royal family. The government is investing in trekking circuits. On 6 November 1975, King Hassan asked for volunteers to cross into the Spanish Sahara. The country's strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean attracted the interest of Europe, and in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. Titles of these foreign-born residents, most were of French origin, followed by mainly. 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